Apparent Authority Of Agreement
As has already been said, there is no supposed authority, where: within the framework of apparent authority, the “authority” of the agent has only appeared, but no real authority has been conferred by the sponsor. However, when a third party enters into a contract with such an agent, acting under obvious power, that contract remains legally binding on the client. The so-called authority allows companies to interact with each other and: when a subordinate enters into a contract with a third party, the contract creates contractual rights and liabilities between the client and the third party. Most entrepreneurs understand that agents can, because of their real authority, engage in business and create obligations and commitments. For example, a subsidiary manager may sign for a delivery of goods, a CFO may open an operating account with a bank and a CEO may, on behalf of the company, make a statement to the news media. FN3 Such activities are not attributed individually to these individuals, but to the company itself. The agent must have been kept out by someone who is actually authorized to make the transaction, and an agent cannot identify himself as authorized for that purpose.  The company`s actions as a contracting entity must constitute a representation (express or by conduct) that the agent had a particular authority and must reasonably be understood by the third party. In determining whether the client has presented his agent as such an authority, the Tribunal must take into account the entire conduct of the company.  The most common form of support is to allow the agent to operate in the business and, in many cases, this is simply because the agent may use a particular title such as “CFO”. What is less well known is that an agent – or even a former agent – of a company can hire him if that person has only an apparent power to speak or act on behalf of that company. FN4 The obvious authority arises when a third party reasonably thinks that someone is an agent of the company. FN5 In these cases, the law protects the appropriate third parties and the company is bound as if the (alleged) representative had acted with the actual authority of the company.
Actual authority arises when the words or behaviour of the client rationally lead the officer to believe that he or she was empowered to act. An officer receives the power of attorney, either orally or in writing. “Education protects innocent third parties who, to their detriment, have reasonably relied on the representations of those whom the client considers to have the power to act for him.” This is done by asserting that a person has the power to carry out the business of the company on his behalf.