Define The Following Terms Collective Agreement
There are provisions that are recorded in collective agreements that are not regulated by legislation. These issues include travel expenses, vacation bonuses, extra days off (called “pekkasvapaat”) or sick or maternity leave benefits. A collective agreement (TES) is an interim contract between a union and an employer union on the conditions of employment observed in this area. Once an interim agreement has been reached between the employer and union representatives, each union member has the opportunity to vote in favour of its acceptance or rejection. If at least 50% of union members who vote accept the agreement, it becomes legally binding. If union members do not accept the agreement, the employer and union representatives can continue negotiations. Alternatively, the union may call for a strike vote. In addition, a strike vote must obtain at least 50% of the vote. Very rarely, if a union cannot obtain ratification or strike authorization, it will waive its right to represent workers. The collective agreement covers you against arbitrary dismissals and dismissals, because the agreements set out the rules to be followed in the event of termination, i.e.
the so-called termination procedures. Agreements are usually specific to the field. They include the conditions of employment of working office workers, for example. B, in the finance, IT services, construction, metallurgical and data communication sectors. As a general rule, the negotiation of the first collective agreement lasts up to six months. Negotiations on renewal agreements will also take a few months, but the old agreement will remain in force during negotiations. The collective agreement guarantees the correct evolution of wages. To this end, he agrees with the minimum wages and general wage increases that form the basis of the employee compensation system. In addition, you can negotiate your personal increases. Collective agreements also include decisions on working time and overtime pay.
Trade Union Pro`s collective agreements include, for example, agreements on shift work differences, travel allowances, sick pay, maternity leave benefits, leave pay and child care benefits. The compensation system is an integral part of the collective agreement as it defines minimum wages. The United States recognizes collective agreements.    Collective agreements are the most frequent for a period of two years, sometimes three and sometimes one. Before the contract expires, the union and employer will enter into negotiations for a renewal contract. In Sweden, about 90% of employees are subject to collective agreements and 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden does not have legislation on minimum wages or legislation extending collective agreements to disorganised employers. Unseated employers can sign replacement agreements directly with unions, but many do not.